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The most important achievements
1946  2000
The basis of uptodate nonlinear theory of elastic shells
were laid (H.M.Mushtari, K.Z.Galimov). The monography of
H.M.Mushtari, K.Z.Galimov "The nonlinear theory of elastic
shells" (1957) was republished in foreign languages and became
the classic one in its field of knowledge. Under the guidance
of H.M.Mushtari the Kazan school of the theory of shells was
formed.
H.M.Mushtari, K.Z.Galimov
Efficient numerical and variation methods of analysis of non
linear behaviour of elastic and elasticplastic shells,
including the composite ones were worked out. The results were
widely adopted in aircraft building, rocket production,
shipbuilding, chemical engineering industry.
H.M.Mushtari, K.Z.Galimov,M.S.Kornyshin, I.G.Teregulov,
I.V.Svirsky, M.S.Ganejeva, H.M.Yakupov
and others
Nonlinear theory of thinwalled structure elements interaction with working mediums (liquid, gas, soils) was developed. The
results are used in mechanical engineering, engine production, pipeline and parachute systems projection.
Equations of dynamics of threelayer plates and shells with structure nonsymmetric in thickness were derived, analysis
of static and dynamic stability, forced and parametric oscillations was conducted. A large series of investigations was
performed on oscillations of cylindrical shells with a gas and a compressible fluid. Dynamic interaction of the cylindrical
and spherical shells, the continuous elastic filler and the gas in the space was studied. Axisymmetrical shapes of oscillations
of thinwalled cylindrical tube were studied theoretically and experimentally, generation of waves in the circular direction and
catastrophic failure were found. Behaviour of plates, shallow panels, shells and parachutes in a flow of incompressible ideal
liquid was studied. Experimental models of wave propellers were created.
M.A.Ilgamov,
B.V.Gulin, V.A.Ivanov, Zh.M.Sakhabutdinov, V.V.Ridel, R.G.Yakupov,
A.N.Gilmanov,
R.G.Zaripov, V.L.Fedyajev, M.V.Taldykin, Z.V.Skvortsova and others
Analytical and numerical methods of oilcontent contour determining in working conditions of supercharging and
extracting wells were devised.
G.S.Salehov, V.D.Chugunov,V.L.Danilov,
V.V.Skvortsov,
M.H.Hairulin, A.I.Nikiphorov and others
There were made experimental and theoretical investigations of the shock waves in gas in the closed and open tubes.
The processes of moving away gases cleaning by aerosols were examined. By means of analyticnumerical methods there
were studied nonlinear and chaotic oscillations of cylindrical shell in a stream of gas; of a gas cavity in liquid in
sonoluminescence condition; of a tube with liquid; of a superconducting cable. A linear theory on the propagation of waves
of different geometry in the polydispersed vaporgasdroplets suspensions was developed. The nonsteady wave discharge
of a boiling liquid from highpressure pipes during its accidental depressurization was studied.
M.A.Ilgamov,
D.A.Gubaidulin, R.G.Zaripov, A.A.Aganin, A.L.Tukmakov and others.
There was developed the theory and methods of calculating stresses, strains and stability of shells of multiplex geometry
under intensive thermoforce loading, consideration physical and geometrical nonlinearity, interaction with agressive media.
There were suggested the methods of reduction of strains and stresses concentration in dangerous zones of a reservoir for
cryogen liquid (M.S.Ganejeva and others). It was made durability prediction of largescale cooling towers
constructions (N.M.Yakupov and others)
It was created the universal procedure of numerical solving the tasks of the viscous gas stream flow about aerodynamic objects
(A.N.Gilmanov and others);
of gas motion in threedimensional regions of intricate configuration consideration chemical
transmutations and intensive heat supply (Zh.M.Sahabutdinov and others).
It was analysed the deceleration of supersonic gas stream in a flat channel. Special features of working processes
in the chamber of internalcombustion engine, in a furnace of a spectrometer were studied.
There were worked out special methods of numerical solving the tasks of water flooding the oil pools in complicated physical
geological conditions; of determining the filtering parameters while the nonstationary filtration on the base of incorrect
problems theory; of discovering the situation of a source of waterbearing stratum pollution. Variation principles were
built for the problem of filtering in the deformated medium of compound reology
(M.H.Hairullin, A.I.Nikiforov, P.A.Mazurov and others).
Mathematical models were created, on the basis of which there were studied physicalmechanical processes of electric arc
welding and thermohardening the hardware;the motion of steamgasdrop mixture in cooling towers
(A.B.Mazo, V.L.Fedyajev and others);
the streams of thermounbalanced plasma in discharging
cameras of plasma generators
(F.A.Saljanov).
The method of vector functions by Lyapunov was developed for investigating the stability of nonlinear logycaldynamic
systems of control and systems with random structure changes
(A.I.Malikov).
There were studied the flow of liquid with free surface consideration the contact line of three phases
division (F.H.Tazjukov and others);
the processes of heat mass transfer while fraction crystallization
(P.P.Osipov).
There were obtained analytical solutions of the problem of control of
mass flow rate of space objects for the future (U.N.Zakirov).
2001
